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Bulgaria - the City of Varna

Bulgaria, Varna Street Scene

Bulgaria, Varna Street Scene

With a population of around 360,000, Varna is the third largest city in Bulgaria. Because of the location of Varna - on the Black Sea - and thus its' being at the centre of the seaside tourist areas, it is known as the summer capital of Bulgaria.

But Varna is much more than that, it is a major Port, it is the administrative city of the Varna Province, and in 2008 became the designated seat of the Black Sea Euro Region.

Varna is in an area of very early human prehistory, and in the lakes, springs and caves of the area, evidence has been found of over 30 settlements dating back over 100,000 years - which is the Middle Paleolithic era.

The area was ruled by the Thracians by at least 1000 BC, and by the 7th century BC it was known as Odessos. The area surrendered to Alexander the Great in 335BC.

By the 1st century AD, Varna was under the control of Rome, and was known as Odessus, During the times of Roman control many Roman buildings were erected, including the Public Baths (Thermae), which is now the largest Roman remains in Bulgaria. It was during this time that Bulgaria became a Christian country, and Odessus was at the forefront of it.

By at least the 7th century, the name appears to have changed from Odessus to the Slavic name Varna, following the Slav conquest.



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Bulgaria, Varna, Folk Dancing in the Chateau du Prince

Bulgaria, Varna, Folk Dancing in the Chateau du Prince


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